Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment
Early diagnosis of breast cancer plays a critical part in a patient's treatment options and survival rates. Self breast exams and yearly mammograms are recommended screening tests to detect cancer in its early stages. Ultrasounds and MRIs are also used to support and categorize the diagnoses. Healthcare providers will commonly use ultrasound if the mammogram shows an unidentifiable mass. Sometimes the mass can be a fluid cyst, which can be mistaken for a solid cancer mass on a mammogram. A MRI, CT scan, and PET scan are all scans that may be used once a patient is diagnosed with cancer to help determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. If your healthcare provider confirms a mass, but is not sure if it is cancerous, he may have to perform a surgical biopsy in order to look at the breast cells under a microscope and determine if they are cancer cells. Not all patients will need all of these tests. Each case if different and your physician will determine what tests are medically necessary.
Once the breast cancer has been diagnosed, your physician will discuss your treatment options. Treatment plans vary from patient to patient depending on a variety of factors. Two patients diagnosed with the same type of cancer may undergo different treatments depending on the stage of cancer, the location, or other underlying health issues. Clearview Cancer physicians treat each patient with individualized care making sure the treatment plan meets guidelines set by the National Comprehensive Care Network (NCCN) There are standard treatments which are current treatment options used by oncologists, and there are also clinical trials available which help advance the standard of care by offering patients regimens or new drugs currently not used as standard treatment. Breast cancer can be treated with one or more of the following treatment options: