Stem Cell Therapy

Stem cells are young blood cells found in bone marrow that enter the blood stream once they are mature. Bone marrow is often damaged during chemotherapy and radiation or by the disease itself. Damaged cells often do not reproduce as quickly as healthy cells or diseased cells, so stem cell transplants are often needed to replace the damaged bone marrow and stimulate new cell growth. In certain types of cancer, stem cell therapy allows the physician to prescribe higher doses of chemo and radiation to better treat the disease. Stem cells can not only replace damaged cells, but they can also fight cancer cells better than the patient’s own immune cells.

Stem cell therapy can be categorized as autologous, allogeneic, or syngeneic.