(March 20, 2023) – Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a type of cancer that begins in the kidneys. The kidneys are a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen, near the spine. They are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood and regulating fluid balance in the body.
Symptoms of kidney cancer can include blood in the urine, a mass or lump in the abdomen, and persistent pain in the back or side. However, many people with kidney cancer do not experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease.
There are several types of kidney cancer, with the most common being renal cell carcinoma. This type of cancer starts in the lining of the small tubes in the kidney that filter the blood. Other types of kidney cancer include transitional cell carcinoma and Wilms tumor, which is a type of cancer that primarily affects children.
Risk factors for kidney cancer include smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, and a family history of the disease. People who have a history of kidney problems or have been exposed to certain chemicals, such as cadmium or trichloroethylene, may also be at increased risk.
Diagnosis of kidney cancer typically begins with a physical exam and a review of the patient’s medical history. Additional tests, such as a CT scan or MRI, may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and determine the stage of the cancer.
Treatment for kidney cancer depends on the stage and type of cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Options include surgery to remove the affected kidney, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In some cases, targeted therapy or immunotherapy may also be used.
It is important to note that early detection is key in treating kidney cancer. Regular check-ups, including blood and urine tests, can help detect the disease in its early stages. If you have any concerns or symptoms, be sure to speak with your doctor.
In conclusion, kidney cancer is a serious disease that affects thousands of people each year. By understanding the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options, we can work towards early detection and successful treatment. If you have any concerns or questions, please reach out to your healthcare provider.