Bleeding disorders are a group of conditions in which blood does not properly clot. The two most common bleeding disorders are hemophilia and von Willebrand disease. Hemophilia is an inherited disorder that affects mostly males. Because the blood does not clot properly, any cut or injury can result in excessive bleeding. The more common disorder, von Willebrand disease, is also an inherited condition but is usually milder than hemophilia and can affect both males and females. Some of the more common symptoms of bleeding disorders include:
- Bleeding gums
- Heavy bleeding from cuts
- Unexplained nosebleeds
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Excessive bleeding following surgery
Treatment for bleeding disorders depends on the severity. Mild cases are often gone untreated but patients are warned to stay away from drugs that can aggravate bleeding such as aspirin and ibuprofen. More serious cases can be treated with medications that increase blood factors or transfusions.